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What is an Umbrella Summary?

An Umbrella Summary highlights findings from the workforce literature to address pertinent child welfare workforce challenges. These summaries provide a synopsis of the published meta-analyses of a specific workforce topic. The research is summarized in a straightforward question-and-answer format. Each summary highlights the implications of the research for child welfare professionals.

Learn more about the Umbrella Summaries: Umbrella Summary FAQ

Organizational Constraints
What kinds of work conditions interfere with employees’ ability to do their jobs? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn how to identify organizational constraints.
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Cultural Intelligence

What does it take to be effective in intercultural interactions? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about cultural intelligence.

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Abusive Supervision
What supervisory behaviors are considered abusive, and how do they relate to employees’ job attitudes and behaviors? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Generations in the Workplace
Are there generational differences in the workplace? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Video Feedback
Want to boost interpersonal skills? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn about the value of video feedback in training.
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After-Action Reviews
How can learners get more out of a training experience? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn about the value of after-action reviews.
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Seductive Details in Training
Is it always helpful to make training more interesting? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about seductive details in training.
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Pedagogical Agents
What are pedagogical agents and how can they improve training? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Training Tests
Training tests have the power to do more than just assess learning. Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Organizational Cynicism
When employees feel that their employer lacks integrity, it can breed organizational cynicism. Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more about what that means and how it is connected to other employee attitudes.
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Coaching
What is coaching and how effective is it? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Gratitude
Is gratitude the best attitude? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Pre-Training Interventions
What’s the most useful way to prepare people for training? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about pre-training interventions.
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Sleep
What is the connection between sleep and workforce outcomes? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Public Service Motivation
Do some people feel a calling to serve the public? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about public service motivation.
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Union Commitment and Participation
Union Commitment and Participation: How does employees’ involvement in a union relate to their job attitudes? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about union participation and commitment.
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Emotional Intelligence Training
Can people learn how to better recognize, understand, and manage emotions? This umbrella summary describes the available evidence about emotional intelligence training.
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Emotional Labor
What does the research say about having to fake your feelings at work? This umbrella summary describes the available evidence about emotional labor.
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Workaholism
What does it mean to be a workaholic? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Reference Checks
When considering a job candidate, does it help to talk with former employers? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about reference checks.
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Occupational Commitment

Occupational commitment: What does the research say about people’s commitment to a particular line of work? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about occupational commitment.

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Organizational Justice
Organizational Justice: What can agencies do to improve perceptions of fairness? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about organizational justice.
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Thriving

What does it mean for employees to thrive at work? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.            

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Assessment Centers
Looking for a way to incorporate more advanced job simulations into the hiring or training process? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about assessment centers.
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Coworker Influence
What role do coworkers play in an employee’s work experience? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about coworker influence.
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Telework
What should agencies know in order to better manage employees working remotely? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about telework.
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Psychological Contract Breach
Why is it important for employers to understand their employees’ expectations? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about psychological contract breach.
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Organizational Socialization
What approach is best for onboarding new employees? Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Informal Learning Behaviors
What is the value of employees taking initiative to learn on the job? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about informal learning behaviors.
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Workplace Supports for LGBT Employees
What can agencies do to better support LGBT employees? Read the Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Presenteeism
Some people go to work, no matter what, even if they are sick. This is known as presenteeism. Read this Umbrella Summary to learn more.
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Grit
What is the value of perseverance and long-term goal commitment? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about grit.
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Diversity Training
What is the impact of efforts to reduce prejudice and discrimination? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about diversity training.
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Mindfulness
What is the value of being able to live in the present moment? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about mindfulness in the workplace.
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Employment Interviews
What makes a hiring interview most effective? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about employment interviews.
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Job Involvement
What happens when a job is central to a person’s identity? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about job involvement.
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Psychological Capital
Why is it important for employees to have hope, optimism, and confidence at work? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about psychological capital.
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Psychological Safety
Why is it important for employees to feel safe to take interpersonal risks at work? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about psychological safety.
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Perceived Organizational Support
Why is it important for employers to convey commitment to their employees? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about perceived organizational support.
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Perceptions of Organizational Politics
How do employees react to self-serving behavior in the workplace? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about perceptions of organizational politics.
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Humor
Is laughter the best medicine? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about humor in the workplace.
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Job Knowledge Tests
When is it a good idea to assess candidates’ understanding of critical job facts or concepts? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about job knowledge tests.
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Job Embeddedness
Why is it important for employees to have social connections on and off the job? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about job embeddedness.
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Employee Engagement
What can be done to help employees become invested in their work? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about employee engagement.
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Emotional Intelligence Tests
How can candidates’ ability to recognize, understand, and manage emotions be examined at hire? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about emotional intelligence tests.
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Integrity Tests
How do candidates’ attitudes about honesty and misconduct factor in to future job behavior? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about integrity tests.
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Cognitive Ability Tests
How can candidates’ ability to learn and solve problems be examined at hire? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about cognitive ability tests.
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Biodata Measures
How can candidates’ background information be used to help with hiring decisions? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about biodata measures.
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Work Sample Tests
When is it a good idea to have job candidates demonstrate their job skills as part of the hiring process? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about work sample tests.
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Training and Experience Evaluations
What is the value of candidates’ previous education, training, and experience, and what is the best way to assess them during the hiring process? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about training and experience evaluations.
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Situational Judgment Tests
What is a situational judgment test and how can it help with employee selection? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about situational judgment tests.
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Realistic Job Previews
What is a realistic job preview and how can it be most effective? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about realistic job previews.
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Recruitment
What does research say about getting people to apply for and accept a job? This Umbrella Summary describes the available evidence about employee recruitment.
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